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IN ANCIENT TIMES
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Llwynau Iago farm at Fochriw (Link to Google Earth)

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Tyla Du farm at Fochriw

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Ffynnonau Duon farm at Pentwyn (Link to Google Earth)

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Pen-y-banc farm (Link to Google Earth)
Pen y Banc (Courtesy of the Gelligaer Historical Society)

References: The National Archives and Gelligaer History by T V Davies

Penybanc farm is mentioned as far back as 1449 and in the 1540 and subsequent Senghenydd Surveys and below is part of the Will of one of the owners Morgan Williams

1740 Will     National Library of Wales LL/1740/53
Morgan William Written:- 12 May 1740 Probate:- 12 June 1740
[Morgan William Lewis buried 22 May 1740 – Gelligaer Parish Register]
In the name of God Amen, the Twelvth day of may one thousand seven hundred and forty, I Morgan William of the parish of Kelligare in the county of Glamorgan and diocess of Landaffe yeoman am sick in body but of perfect mind and memory thanks be given for the same unto god that gave it. First of all I give my soul unto God that gave it, and for my body I recommend it to the earth to be buried in decent manner at the discretion of my executor or my executrick hereafter named and as for my temporals I give devise and dispose in the following manner and form. I give and bequeath unto Evan William my brother one Tenement of Land with two dwelling houses, two Barns, cowhouse, and all other outhouses, curtilege and gardens with all other privilege commonly called and known by the name of Tir Pen y Bank situate lying and being in parish of Kellygare in the county of Glamorgan and in as large an ample maner as the same are held and occupied by Symon John and William Phillip my tennance with its appurtenances unto the aforesaid Evan William and his heirs forever.

Inventory 28 May 1740 by Rees Edmond and Rees Lewis:-
his wearing apparell - £5; 6 oxen - £15; 11 cows - £20; 2 heyfers & 3 yearling beasts - £4; 1 bull - £1; 7 horses - £12 5s.; his sheep - £40; money in cash & on demand £60; leasehold profits - £20; all his household provision - £5; household stuffe - £40; poultry – 1s.; implements