This section deals with the origins of the village of Fochriw, from distant times when it may have been identified as Brohru Carn in the 12th century developing into “The holding called Fforch y Rhiw, the fork in the road” as mentioned in several Gelligaer leases of the 17 century, to Boch Rhiw Carn, Fochrhiw, Vochriw and now currently Fochriw.
It also contains a brief description of the geological events that shaped the area into which Fochriw is placed, together with a potted version of the human history prior to the great changes brought about by the iron and coal era.
Local settlements and farms which date from the 15th and 16th centuries are also described, together with their associated location maps and layout plans
Some text is taken from “The Gelligaer Story” which was published by the Gelligaer Urban District Council in 1959
Brithdecr (Brithdir) Hamlet
Shaping the land.
The Megalithic Age (2300 B.C.—1700 B.C.)
The Beaker Folk (about 1900BC – 1600BC)
The Middle and Late Bronze Age (about 1500 B.C. to about 500 B.C)